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ruby学习

 

pry(main)> puts “showlastupdate:{\”$gte\”:\”#{Date.today.to_s(:number)}\”}”
showlastupdate:{“$gte”:”20160601″}

http://ruby-doc.org/core-2.1.2/Regexp.html

Regexp

Regexp holds a regular expression, used to match a pattern against strings. Regexps are created using the /.../ and %r{...} literals, and by the Regexp::new constructor.

Regular expressions (regexps) are patterns which describe the contents of a string. They’re used for testing whether a string contains a given pattern, or extracting the portions that match. They are created with the /pat/ and %r{pat} literals or theRegexp.new constructor.

A regexp is usually delimited with forward slashes (/). For example:

/hay/ =~ 'haystack'   #=> 0
/y/.match('haystack') #=> #<MatchData "y">

=~ is Ruby's basic pattern-matching operator. When one operand is a regular expression and the other is a string then the regular expression is used as a pattern to match against the string. (This operator is equivalently defined by Regexp and Stringso the order of String and Regexp do not matter. Other classes may have different implementations of =~.) If a match is found, the operator returns index of first match in string, otherwise it returns nil.
/hay/ =~ 'haystack'   #=> 0
 /ay/ =~'hay'
'haystack' =~ /hay/   #=> 0
/a/   =~ 'haystack'   #=> 1
/u/   =~ 'haystack'   #=> nil
=~执行完如果匹配到了,返回第一个匹配位置的index索引值,0在ruby里为true,如果没有匹配到,返回nil,在ruby里,只有nil和false为false.其他的都为true
测试一下:

irb(main):013:0> /t/ =~ ‘hayaaa’
=> nil
irb(main):014:0> p ‘tesdt’ if 0
“tesdt”
=> “tesdt”

 

app/helpers/packages_helper.rb

def youku_image_url(url)
/http:\/\// =~ url ? url : "http://r#{rand(4) + 1}.ykimg.com/#{url}"
end

_form.html.erb

<%= image_tag youku_image_url(@package.app_icon), :width => 150 %>